Oceansun.com ©2017 

 Brazil. Brazil's present population consists of aproximately 190.7 million people who live in an area of 3,300,000 sq. miles (8.5 million sq km). In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral landed in eastern Brazil near Porto Seguro, in what is now called Bahia, and claimed the land for Portugal, calling it the "terra of Vera Cruz". At that time, the population of the Tupi-Guarani and other indigenous tribes, is estimated to have been between 1 and 8 million.

Brazilwood or "pau brasil", was the first product exported from Brazil, where it was distributed to Belgium, England, Germany and Italy, for use as a dye to color the clothing of the wealthy, to make ink, cabinets, and carpentry, industry and boat building. The Indians provided the labor to cut and transport the brazilwood to warehouses to await shipment to Holland, in exchange for trinkets and household goods. The discovery of gold, diamonds, and gemstones in the interior was followed by the cultivation of sugarcane, coffee, and cocoa. Today Brazil, which is often called the "sleeping giant", is the most industrialized country in South America. Aircraft, tropical crops, textiles, minerals, and industrial goods are among the major exports.          

Photographs and text by John O'Heron  ©2017


images above courtesy: 

Shrimp Vendor, Ilhéus, Bahia, 2007

Laguna, Santa Catarina, 1986

Lagoa Encantada, Bahia, 2000


Bar Cairu,Waldemar, Ana, Silvio, Praça Cairu, Ilhéus, Bahia, 2015